Karate Terminology PDF Print E-mail
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Wednesday, 23 January 2013 07:33

Japanese Terms

Although most instruction at TKI Shotokan Karatre is in English,

 

We usually count in Japanese.

 

Here are some Japanese terms that you may hear during class.

 

hidari - Left

Migi - Right


Counting

Japanese

Pronunciation

English

ichi

eech

one

ni

nee

two

san

sahn

three

shi

shee

four

go

goh

five

roku

rohk

six

shichi

seech

seven

hachi

hahtch

eight

ku

koo

nine

ju

joo

ten

 

Commands

Japanese

Pronunciation

seiza

kneel

moku-so

meditate

rei

bow

shomen ni rei

bow to the front

Sensei ni rei

bow to Sensei

yo-oi

ready

kamae

take position

mawatte

turn

hajime

begin

yame

end (recover)

 

Stances

Japanese

English

heisoku-dachi

attention stance

hachiji-dachi

ready position

kiba-dachi

horse stance

zenkutsu-dachi

front stance

kokutsu-dachi

back stance

sochin-dachi

rooted stance

sanchin-dachi

hourglass stance

nekoashi-dachi

cat stance

hangetsu-dachi

half moon stance

 

 

Punches and Hand Techniques

Japanese

English

oi-zuki

step-in punch

kizami-zuki

jab

gyaku-zuki

reverse punch

nukite

spear-hand thrust

kagi-suki

hook punch

uraken

back fist

 

 

Blocks

Japanese

English

age-uke

rising block

soto-uke

outside block

uchi-uke

inside block

shuto-uke

knife-hand block

gedan-barai

down block

juji-uke

x-block

 

Kicks

Japanese

English

mae-geri

front kick

yoko-geri

side kick

keagi

snap kick

kekomi

thrust kick

mawashi-geri

roundhouse kick

ushiro-geri

back kick

mae-ashi

front leg

 

 

Kata Numbers

Kata Family

Pronunciation

English

Heian

Shodan

1

Nidan

2

Sandan

3

Yondan

4

Godan

5

Tekki

Shodan

1

Nidan

2

Sandan

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Last Updated on Sunday, 09 June 2019 07:58
 
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